Danger Signs on Running a Business in a Competitive World You Must Know About

Make it simple to do business with you. If business is slowing down, you might not need your employees to work because many hours each week. A home based business gives ample opportunities for a man to bring in money, with a fantastic quantity of flexibility. When you begin a small company, failure isn’t something you need to think about. If you own a little company and don’t enjoy the notion of being a true salesperson, perhaps you will need to examine selling from a new perspective. So if you’re a small organization, you are going to be charged differently from a massive entity, for the financial loan. A little business like tutoring may sometimes not provide you a steady supply of revenue.

What You Don’t Know About Running a Business in a Competitive World

A business program isn’t only a document to be utilized to increase money for an organization. It will make you consider the number of customers you’ll need to acquire, how you’ll acquire them, and what costs will be associated with selling your products or services. If you wish to succeed you require a well thought out business program that will help you make the appropriate decisions.

The Fight Against Running a Business in a Competitive World

While people are looking for product and services online, if you would like them to locate your small business online, it is vital to know the regulations and legal aspects of every country and state, (according to this company that handle a lot of tax cases with his tax service NYC), most start ups and ecommerce companies failed on this when launching.

To begin a business for a service provider, it is advised that you take up any 1 service among the several requirements, and develop expertise and flourish your company before diversifying further. If you wish to learn more about their excellent services, then you can see their site anytime you would like. The ideal rate phone service may be proven to execute true miracles for you as a business owner since affordability is a vital element to prosperity.

What is Really Going on with Running a Business in a Competitive World

Since you are going to be doing business by yourself, you might have to to make certain that individuals get to understand your work. You begin your business for the incorrect factors. Having your own company is more than simply creating a job for yourself. When you freelance, you’ll be running your own company, marketing your skills to prospective customers and getting paid for the assignments. It is clear that in a wholesale business you may not admire the help of chefs.

If you own a company, you require a site. A business normally grows in rather smallish actions and it requires an individual with wonderful patience to see it grow. The majority of the things involved with running an internet business revolve around repetitive tasks. Several businesses have already got a site for their company today. Whether you know of it, every thriving business inevitably passes through five levels over the span of its lifetime, and not so coincidentally, occasionally, the company life cycle mirrors that of the operator.


Open a franchise bookstore, how to make and list best franchisors

If you are looking for an idea to open a franchise business that combines contact with the public to culture, this may be the idea that is right for you. In this guide we will talk about how and why to open a franchise bookstore.

Content index

1 Franchising bookstore (even at the time of online)
2 Training, requirements and authorizations
3 5 ideas among the best proposals for franchising bookshops
3.1 Mondadori
3.2 Ubik Books
3.3 Booklet
3.4 The Feltrinelli
3.5 Centostories
Franchising library (even at the time of online)
If at least you occasionally get into a bookshop, you will have noticed how in recent years these stores have been transformed from simple book retailers to real outlets offering a range of very different items.

It is not rare, in fact, that in addition to publishing products, bookstores also sell objects , stationery products , toys , music and films , as well as other perfect products for an occasion or a gift. Some bookshops also perform specific services, such as selling tickets for concerts or events.

Despite the diffusion of online book sales , the diversification of the offer of the current bookstores is one of the points in favor that allows this type of store to reserve space for the sale of books. Some libraries also offer additional services that online sales can not give, such as the presentation of books, the meeting with the authors or the organization of events that revolve around the variegated world of the book.

Also keep in mind that for many people the book continues to be an object of paper to touch and browse , and for this reason it is important to touch the book with the hand before the purchase.

In addition to generalist bookstores, there are libraries specializing in one genre or for a specific audience, such as bookcases for children . I have described these aspects to help you consider these options to open a franchise business, in order to orientate you towards the type of library that best suits your preferences and expectations.

franchise bookstore

Training, requirements and authorizations
To open a franchise bookstore you do not need any qualification or specific course. It is however true that a good basic culture helps in carrying out this profession, which we imagine is chosen above all for the love of books and culture in general.

In addition to this, a good deal of patience is needed (as well as for all the activities that are aimed at the public) and a good ability to manage the activity and any collaborators.

As for the bureaucratic aspects , the opening of a bookshop is rather simple. The commercial space must in fact only be in compliance with the rules laid down for spaces open to the public, but no special health or municipal permits are required.

You can choose to open your franchise bookstore alone or in companies with one or more people. For this reason we suggest you consult an accountant to identify the most suitable company form for the activity you intend to carry out.

A very important aspect to consider when opening a franchise bookshop is the one related to the commercial space . Some franchisors require specific features for the point of sale, such as size and placement; otherwise others do not have particular requests in this regard. Apart from this, consider that it is always recommended to open a new business in a very busy area , easy to get to and possibly with good parking or easily accessible by public transport.

franchise bookstore

5 ideas among the best proposals for franchised bookshops
I have searched and selected for you some of the most interesting proposals for those who would like to open a franchise bookstore. The proposals are different from each other by type of library and necessary investment. For each franchisor, in addition to the investment, I also indicated the size of the sales space and some points in favor. Let’s find out.

Mondadori is certainly one of the best known publishers in the Italian publishing scene. In addition to the publishing house also runs a chain of bookstores of the same name, managed through franchising. In addition to the titles of the brand in the Mondadori Bookstore you can buy books and publishing products of the best-known Italian and foreign publishing houses and a range of objects, stationery, toys, accessories and gift boxes. The franchising offer includes various possibilities, which also include the possibility of requesting the building works necessary for the sales space.

Initial investment: 20,000 euros (+ 325 euros / sqm for furnishings)
Commercial space dimensions: from 85 to 150 square meters
Advantages: possibility of construction interventions at an agreed price, operating system for sales management, wide range of books and non-editorial products
Ubik Books
Ubik is the franchised bookstore brand of the Emmelibri Group – Messaggerie Group. It boasts a very large catalog of titles, with the possibility of ordering and receiving in the bookstore the desired text within 48 working hours. The franchise proposal provides for the deposit account; in this way the book pays only what it actually sells, a very simple order management carried out by the central warehouses and the use of the management software for the point of sale.

Initial investment: from 10,000 euros
Commercial space dimensions: starting from 120 square meters
Advantages: extensive catalog, sales account, centrally managed marketing campaigns, events and meetings with authors
Booklet bookshops are real outlets of the book, offering the best titles of the best-known publishers at discounted prices compared to those sold in standard bookstores. Booklet updates its catalog every month with hundreds of new titles. The franchising proposal is a “turnkey” offer that allows you to open your store in a very short time. In addition to the books, a selection of stationery products and gadgets is also offered to the customer. The initial investment includes book set-up and arrangement of books, as well as an in-house training course and publicity material to make the new activity known.

Initial investment: starting from 4,900 euros
Commercial space dimensions: from 50 square meters upwards
Advantages: turnkey shop, advertising material, help with the preparation and arrangement of books, the opening phase

How much money do you make on Twitch? A video game top streamer details his income

Jeremy “Disguised Toast” Wang broadcasts on the Twitch streaming platform gameplay videos from Hearthstone, Blizzard’s card game, and other games, including Fortnite . On October 4th, he released a video titled “How Much Money Do Twitch’s Streamers REALLY Earn?” (Seen from the inside by a top streamer) . It details the four sources of income that make him exceed $ 20,000 in monthly income.

The remuneration of Internet stars, especially video games, attracts many fantasies. Especially since the majority of popular streamers remain closed on the subject, or at best evasive. Many media or videographers to estimate the finger more or less wet these amounts.

“Disguised Toast”, one of the biggest streamer of the platform, has meanwhile decided to show card on the table his income, he takes the time to detail. Very popular on Hearthstone , he sometimes plays Fortnite . With around 10,000 viewers average, he regularly joins the top 10 most viewed channels. It should be kept in mind that the numbers it advertises apply to a tiny percentage of thousands of streamers that broadcast on the platform.

If you’re not familiar with Twitch, viewers can donate money to streamers . On some channels, donations may be accompanied by a message, which appears on the screen. This is a good way to address the player, who reads all these messages – or even activates software that reads the messages automatically – and get out of the messy stream of messages from the chat . Twitch can make these donations by credit card, PayPal or via Bits, its virtual currency. Free streamer to encourage more or less donations.

The Canadian, who asks his spectators little to donate, still collects $ 2,500 a month on average thanks to them. But these amounts can explode. Some unique donations reach tens of thousands of dollars.

Start a small business: what you really need

When planning to start a small business, there is a great desire to do and we can not wait to leave. But beware: the initial enthusiasm can give way to disillusionment and hurry can lead to more or less serious mistakes. Before launching yourself in the company, take all the time you need to make the necessary assessments: the idea that whirls in your head may prove unrealistic or unoriginal. And the costs that you had budgeted far removed from those that you will have to support. Do not despair: it happens to anyone with little experience in the business field. Therefore, if you are thinking about giving substance to your project, you must surround yourself with the right people, keep audacity at bay and proceed calmly and reasonably. Committing yourself to understand what you really need and what you can, however, give up.

What is needed and what is not needed, to start a small business
Let’s start by saying that everything depends on the type of project you want to carry out. If you think big and want to start a business that wants to conquer an important slice of the market, you will – almost certainly – join forces with someone else. And equip you with everything you need to tackle such a burdensome and demanding business (saving money in these cases may not be your priority). If you are, however, thinking of giving body to something smaller, you can certainly do without a couple of things:

an office. Your small business could start from home , allowing you to cut costs on renting and setting up spaces. Everything depends, of course, on what you want to do: if you need a simple location and an internet connection, your home will be just fine. At least to start.
the employees . Your idea could be great, but simple to manage and implement. If you think you can do it yourself, do not delay. This is not about being presumptuous or suspicious, but trying to manage at best your starting budget (especially if it is limited). If you realize you have shortages in some area, you can turn to temporary employees, but avoid recruiting resources that you can not afford.
And what do you need instead? What do you need to start a small business?

a current account. Opening a bank account is a real necessity. Without it, it will be impossible to manage the receipts and payments that you need to prepare to get the business going. The advice is to open one specifically for the company and to distinguish it from your personal current account;

a business plan. No matter how small your project is, before launching it in the enterprise, you will have to define a business plan in which to detail the legal form you have chosen (there are many: from the sole proprietorship to the limited liability company to the limited partnership , just to name a few), the purpose of your business, what you intend to do and how you plan to do it. Transferring your intentions on paper and describing the methodologies with which you hope to realize your project is an indispensable step;
authorizations and licenses. Eye to the bureaucracy: when the idea of ​​starting your small business has definitely taken shape, inform yourself about what you need to have, to open its doors. Which authorizations or licenses do you need? What are the times to get them? Starting a business is not a trivial matter (even if you choose to run it from home): get yourself on all fronts and do not run unnecessary risks.

expert advice. It is something that those who try to save as much as possible do not take into due consideration, but that can make the difference. When you “set out” with an activity, you never know where you can get there. And very often, you do not have all the information that allows you to get off on the right foot. For this, it is important to ask for help from consultants and experts who will show you the way to follow in the tax and legal fields (you can perhaps do without an accountant, but hardly an accountant). Not to mention those who are already there: to compare with those who, before you, have experienced on their skin the effort to give life to their business design can be salvific. The right advice and warnings can help you navigate at full speed.

Sosh, Bouygues, SFR, Free Mobile: What are the best 4G non-binding plans in 2018?

The four operators now offer a slew of offers without commitment, adapted to all budgets. Be careful though: not all are equal and traps are many! Here is a complete guide to help you find your way.

Those who have known the packages related to the purchase of a phone or a smartphone, prices that were around 50 € for a decent service, and the terms of subscription that marry the customer to an operator can not to say that it  was better before . However, despite the arrival of 4G packages without commitment at a reasonable price, the offer is still not absolutely clear. Between the conditions in small print, special offers, roaming, modem mode or the random notion of unlimited, current packages are not all equal.

Rather than a guide that would present you all the packages in direct comparison, which you will find on FrAndroid , we preferred to organize ours as the path of thought that a future client should have before deciding. Let’s go.


In recent months, operators swear by special offers. These are packages that are sold in limited quantities – whether it is a number of lines opened or a duration. We have mentioned the main packages that fit this case in the body of this guide – we will update them when the operators change them.

  • RED by SFR offers a package for € 20 per month for 100 GB of data  in France and 10 GB in Europe The red and green operator says that this rate will remain the same “for life”.
  • At RED always, the 30GB package is also 10 € per month for life .

Are these good tips? Most of the time, the answer is yes. Special offers will be updated in this section.


The first question to ask itself may seem obvious and, in some ways, conditions all the others: what do you need? If you have a smartphone, chances are you’ll need mobile data. Exit a package like that of Free 2 € , which has been more thought for devices or phones that do not need data connection. The same applies to the Sosh , B & You and RED packages at € 4.99 or € 7.99 per month: these entry-level packages have between 20 MB and 50 MB of data – in other words, nothing.

The numerous B & You packages by Bouygues

Similarly, you will have to ask questions about the amount of data you consume, but also about your mobility abroad . The B & You offers by Bouygues for example are very numerous and some do not offer 4G in Europe .

To evaluate your monthly consumption of data, it is therefore necessary to start with a  sweet spot  : as the packages are not binding, you can change at any time (and even more easily if you stay at the same operator). So opt  for a package that will offer you between 15 and 20 GB of data and track your consumption over a month: you can adjust the following month.

Create your business by being accompanied: incubators, nurseries and incubators

Incubators: test your full-size business project

Do you have a business idea but, before creating it, would you like to test your project without taking too much risk? The incubator is made for that!

An incubator, how does it work? 
The incubator accompanies you in your project and teaches you, in a way, your job as an entrepreneur through training sessions and daily advice from specialists.

It allows you to test your project safely by offering legal accommodation. You prospect, sell your products and invoice your services with the Siret number of the incubator, without having to register.

By entering an incubator, you sign a Cape contract (business project support contract) for a maximum of 12 months, renewable twice. Thanks to this contract, you keep all your rights! If you receive unemployment benefits or social benefits, you will continue to receive them.

How to integrate an incubator? 
To be accepted in an incubator, you must be a jobseeker, an RSA beneficiary, a part-time employee, coming from the so-called difficult neighborhoods, recognized as having a disability or a self-employed person.

Start by going to an information meeting to discover the device. If you are interested, you will have to fill out a file presenting your project. Your file will go before a selection committee, which will decide on your integration or not in the incubator.

Where to find an incubator? 

Incubators: Ideas labs to start a business

Biotechnology, food processing, IT, health, art, finance … Whatever your sector of activity, the incubator helps young creators who have innovative technological or scientific projects. Incubators are often set up by big schools or universities. Thirty incubators are labeled by the Ministry of Research and Higher Education. 

An incubator, how does it work? 
Like the incubator, the incubator accompanies you from the idea to the implementation of your project. He can help you in the legal, technological, economic and commercial fields.

It offers training tailored to your needs and lends or leases premises. So, you will not stay isolated. It is a place rich in exchange of ideas and meetings between entrepreneurs.

The incubator also supports young entrepreneurs in their search for funding.

How to integrate an incubator? 
If you try your luck in one of the 30 incubators labeled by the Ministry of Research, your project must be linked to public research, or you must be the winner of the competition organized by this ministry. Each region has at least one incubator (PDF).

In private incubators, selection usually takes place in two phases. An application file must be sent to the incubator, then a committee selects the projects corresponding to the criteria established by each incubator.

To start a business? A unique professional experience! The testimony of Étienne, 27 years old

“Right after my studies, I had neither family constraints nor responsibilities: it was the perfect time to start my own business. So, after my engineering degree, I did a master’s degree in entrepreneurship at EM Normandy for this purpose.

There was probably a part of unconsciousness because it is not easy to mount his box … But it’s exciting! This is probably the richest professional experience we can have! We touch everything: commercial, marketing, legal, administrative … We also meet a lot of people. Which employee can acquire such an experience so quickly?

I met my partner during my master. It was reassuring for me not to start alone, especially since we had complementary training. At first we did not know the banking market and were not web specialists. So we had to get informed and meet a lot of people.

In addition, it took us a long time to develop the necessary technology for our project … Sometimes it’s hard to see all his friends working in large companies, with good salaries, while you galley to find funding … But that’s it is, PayGreen has been launched for 4 months, and we are raising funds to invest and recruit! ”

Business creation: Étienne’s advice

Do not give up on difficulties! 
“Starting a business is like being on a roller coaster – there are ups and downs. The stress is permanent, you have to be thorough all the time … At first, some told us that it would never work. Fortunately, we were very motivated and ready to move mountains. We did not let ourselves be discouraged. “

Forget that you are young and just out of school. 
“Think in pro mode! The people you are going to contact are professionals. We soon realized that in order for them to trust us, we had to act as professionals. “

Tell yourself that your age is an asset .
“Our youth has attracted the interest and respect of people who have agreed to help us because they know how difficult it is to start a business.”

If your project fails, tell yourself that few young people will have had such an experience. 
“Entrepreneurship is probably the best training that exists. Today, I feel more open, I acquired a sense of responsibility, I learned to organize, I know how a company works … All assets that would surely make the difference if I had to look work.”

Create a company in the social and solidarity economy: find the financing

To find out about the structures specialized in social investment, visit the website of the association Finansol. It brings together major players such as private equity firms Garrigueou lnco, the Social Economy Development Institute or the Federation of Local Investor Clubs for an alternative and local management of solidarity savings (Cigales).
“A Cigales club brings together individuals who choose to dedicate a portion of their savings to a project in the ESS. They invest in the capital of a company generally at the time of its creation, a recovery or when it is in difficulty, to help it to rebound. Clubs fund mainly local businesses. The average amount invested per project is around 4000 euros. But we can appeal to several clubs to get more, “says Jean-Yves Angst, co-president of the National Federation of Cicadas.

Refundable advances and subsidies

To start his business, a business creator can also apply for a repayable advance or a loan of honor. These are generally zero-interest loans that will allow it to complete its financing plan and to benefit from additional capital to apply for a bank loan. Networks such as the Regional Union of Scop, Initiative France or the network Entreprendre offer.
Alternatively, apply for a grant. Local authorities (town halls, regional or general councils) and foundations can grant aid to a project if it meets certain criteria: socially innovative programs for the Macif Foundation, help for people in precarious situations for the Engie Foundation …

Bank loan

Crédit Coopératif, Nef … The SSE sector has its own banking institutions which have the advantage of being used to the themes of sustainable development or social integration. But more conventional banks can also grant a loan to a project of a solidarity enterprise. “We regularly offer co-financing with Crédit Coopératif, Crédit Mutuel or Crédit Agricole. Each institution usually grants half of the loan, “says Valérie Aujé, administrative and commercial coordinator at the Nef.


The  ”  Crowdfunding  ”  or crowdfunding has the wind in its sails and entrepreneurs do not hesitate to call for donations to fund their project. The publisher Dowino has managed to reap 43,000 euros on the Ulule website to achieve A Blind Legend, his video game for the blind, “To succeed in your campaign, you must already prepare it upstream: start talking about your project, think about the counterparts that will be proposed, the text, illustrations …. Once the campaign is launched, it’s about first touching friends, family and loved ones and motivating them to talk to their own network. If the project is interesting and we tell a great story, people want to believe and invest, “concludes Pierre-Alain Gagne, manager and co-founder of Dowino.

Request funding from a Cigales Club

To propose a project to a club, go to the website of the National Federation of Cicadas to find the club closest to home. After a first interview to validate that the project fits well in the values ​​carried by the club, the project will be analyzed before the jury. The file must include a description, a projected budget, a financing plan and a cash flow plan.

To start a business, being a student is an asset. The testimony of Martin, 24 years old

How did you get the idea for United Linkless?

“The idea was there, under my eyes, for ten years, since my aunt had for a long time been wearing these unrelated earmuffs that she had bought in Sweden. Finally, that’s it, entrepreneurship! Take off her blinkers, look around and see the opportunities. ”

How long have you put in to start your business?

“Setting up a business takes time. We had the idea in October 2011 and we created the legal structure in June 2012, but we did not really market our products until the end of December 2012. Between the construction of the brand identity, the commercial strategy and the mounting of the financing file, we put more than a year. ”

How did you manage to convince your bank?

“Finding money has not been easy. It was necessary to build a very solid financial file, with a detailed cash flow plan. It is not enough to align numbers, it is important to understand them well in order to be able to explain them and prove to the banks that everything we have put in place is consistent.

It is true that our student status has a little worried our interlocutors, who wondered if we would have time to devote to our company. But we always stressed that the school allowed us to be surrounded by professionals able to give us a real support. That reassured our banker a lot. Finally, we obtained € 5,000 from the bank and € 5,000 from France Active. We personally contributed € 2,000. ”

Did you receive specific help for young people?

“There are a number of aids for young people. As far as we are concerned, we have benefited from Accre, which allows people under the age of 26 to be exempted from charges for a year. ”

How do you get started with little money?

“When you have a small capital like ours, you have to manage differently. We appealed to friends and family, who appreciate our approach, who have skills and are willing to help us. Thanks to them, we were able to make a video clip with very little means. ”

Listen to Martin’s testimony:

Did you have to make concessions?

“Yes, our lack of resources forced us to have our earmuffs made in Asia, which was not what we wanted at the beginning: it does not fit in with the ethical values ​​of our brand. As soon as we can, we will relocate production in France. ”

What brings you this dive into entrepreneurship?

“I particularly appreciate not having hierarchical pressure. The constraints, we are the only ones to impose them! Being an entrepreneur allows us to exploit 100% of our capabilities. If we were in a company, we would use only 20 or 30% of our skills and we might be stuck in our initiatives. There we are free, and it is particularly pleasant! ”

How do you see the future?

“We will continue to grow the business. We are currently thinking about a new collection of fleece sweaters that we will make in France by Esat (establishments and services of help by the work). ”

Accre, a help for jobseekers
Under 26, regardless of their situation, and 26-30 years old who have not worked for a long enough period to qualify for unemployment benefits, or who are disabled, can benefit from the Accre (help for job seekers creating or taking over a business).
This aid allows a total exemption from social contributions for 12 months or a partial and progressive exemption over 3 years.

Create your company in the social and solidarity economy: follow the guide!

Classical company / enterprise of the social and solidarity economy:
what are the differences?

For Chloé Bellue, head of the social entrepreneurship program at Avise *, “an ESS company must have a social and / or environmental utility. Cooperative organic products, fair trade shop, solidarity bank, insertion restaurant … Whatever your idea, ask yourself this question: does my project respond to a need of society? If the answer is yes, welcome to the social and solidarity economy! “

“In a company of the social and solidarity economy , adds Julien Bottriaux, head of public relations at L’Atelier, decisions are made with all the people associated with the project. The profit does not go to shareholders, but it is reinvested in the company or distributed to employees. “

Can an ESS company make money?

“In an ESS company, big and beautiful ideas are not enough! warns Julien Bottriaux. The business must be profitable, so make money. The sources of income are very diverse. You have to be clever at finding money both through the sale of products or services, through grants, or through private funds. “

For Chloé Bellue, “a social entrepreneur wants to make money, just like any entrepreneur. But money is a means, not an end in itself. To have a solid project that interests funders, the idea must be economically viable and socially relevant. “

How to give yourself every chance of success?

Create your business with others and bet on the complementary skills! 

Make sure there is a real social or environmental need in the city or region where you want to operate.

Check that your idea does not already exist . These partially subsidized companies must rely on complementarity of activity, and not on competition.

Get help. Many structures exist: incubators, nurseries, regional chambers of the ESS, incubators … They know the sector well and will help you to turn to the right contacts according to your project. They can also sometimes accompany you in the definition of the business plan.

Meet the federations of the sector according to the theme of your project : organic agriculture, disability, housing, fair trade, early childhood … Federations can be a rich source of information.

Enter a cooperative activity and employment. A CAE brings together social entrepreneurs from different backgrounds. They are employees of the cooperative, which also supports the administrative aspect and offers them support. A good way to test the viability of the project while minimizing the risks!

Do you know Say Yess? An online media published by the AVISE whose objective is to raise the 16-30 years to social and solidarity economy while encouraging them to act in their daily lives. A section dedicated to jobs but also to employment in the ESS advises you to work in the ESS:

And if we have desires but no ideas?

“The younger generation is searching for meaning, but ideas do not always come alone! explains Élodie Bensoussan, coordinator of the jeun’ESS program in Avise. Depending on the subject that interests them (fair trade, organic farming, poverty, disability, renewable energy, housing …), I would advise young people to take inspiration from existing initiatives, to meet social entrepreneurs, to become volunteers, go to conferences, read the press and specialized literature to identify gaps and needs in their city or region. If the need is detected, the idea will come gradually. ”

* L’Avise, a resource and engineering center for the social and solidarity economy, offers tools to undertake other initiatives and promote the initiatives of SSE carried out by young people.

How to get help? 
If you are in Ile-de-France, come and talk about your idea with L’Atelier’s project managers . The advisors will help you to mark your project and will indicate the structures that can accompany you.
In the regions, the Cress (Regional Chamber of Social and Solidarity Economy) supports and supports projects.

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